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Array operations are useful in a large number of important scientific codes, such as molecular dynamics, finite element methods, climate modeling, atmosphere and ocean sciences, etc. In our previous work, we have proposed a scheme of extended Karnaugh map representation (EKMR) for multidimensional array representation. We have shown that sequential multidimensional array operation algorithms based on the EKMR scheme have better performance than those based on the traditional matrix representation (TMR) scheme. Since parallel multidimensional array operations have been an extensively investigated problem, we present efficient data parallel algorithms for multidimensional array operations based on the EKMR scheme for distributed memory multicomputers. In a data parallel programming paradigm, in general, we distribute array elements to processors based on various distribution schemes, do local computation in each processor, and collect computation results from each processor. Based on the row, column, and 2D mesh distribution schemes, we design data parallel algorithms for matrix-matrix addition and matrix-matrix multiplication array operations in both TMR and EKMR schemes for multidimensional arrays. We also design data parallel algorithms for six Fortran 90 array intrinsic functions: All, Maxval, Merge, Pack, Sum, and Cshift. We compare the time of the data distribution, the local computation, and the result collection phases of these array operations based on the TMR and the EKMR schemes. The experimental results show that algorithms based on the EKMR scheme outperform those based on the TMR scheme for all test cases.
Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:14 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2003