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Different nature of process-induced and stress-induced defects in thin SiO2 layers

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5 Author(s)
Cellere, G. ; Dipt. di Ingegneria dell''Informazione, Universita di Padova, Italy ; Valentini, M.G. ; Pantisano, L. ; Cheung, K.P.
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High-temperature anneal in hydrogen ambient is performed at the end of a CMOS manufacturing process to recover the process-induced defects. The authors focus on the recovery and wearout of thin gate oxides (3.3 nm) during repetitive stress-anneal-stress cycles. Thermal annealing at 450 /spl deg/C leads to detrapping phenomena and to the complete recovering of electrically induced defects. On the other hand, the same thermal annealing is not capable of fully recovering the process-induced damage. The kinetic of defect recovering (and not the number of defects annealed out) strongly depends on the amount of latent damage.

Published in:

Electron Device Letters, IEEE  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 6 )