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The first man-loading high-temperature superconducting (HTS) Maglev test vehicle in the world was successfully developed on Dec. 31, 2000 in the Applied Superconductivity Laboratory, Southwest Jiaotong University, China. Heretofore over 24 500 passengers took the vehicle, and it has been operating back and forth for about 400 km. The HTS Maglev vehicle provides inherent stability both in the vertical and lateral direction, so no control system is needed. The only control system is used for linear motor driving devices. The melt-textured YBaCuO bulk superconductors are fixed on the bottom of a liquid nitrogen vessel and cooled by liquid nitrogen. The bottom thickness of the rectangle liquid nitrogen vessel with its thin wall is only 3 mm. The onboard HTS Maglev module is placed over the guideway. The guideway consists of two parallel permanent magnetic tracks, whose concentrating magnetic field at 20 mm height above the surface is about 0.5 T. The levitation forces of 8 HTS Maglev modules were measured. The total levitation force of 8 onboard Maglev modules was 10431 N at the levitation gap of 10 mm, and 8486 N at the levitation gap of 15 mm, respectively. These results were measured on May 28, 2002.