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Structure and formation mechanism of interface-modified layer in ramp-edge Josephson junctions with La-doped 123-type superconducting electrodes

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6 Author(s)
S. Adachi ; Supercond. Res. Lab., Tokyo, Japan ; H. Wakana ; Yuan Wu ; Y. Ishimaru
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Ramp-edge-type Josephson junctions (JJ) with interface-modified barriers were fabricated. Yb0.9La0.2Ba1.9Cu3Oy and Y0.9La0.2Ba1.9Cu3Oy were used for the counter- and base-electrodes, respectively. Reliable junctions with Ic≃1 mA and 1σ=6.5-8.0% for 25-100 JJ arrays were reproducibly obtained. For the junctions, the structure and composition of the barrier were investigated using a transmission electron microscope. A rather homogeneous layer with a thickness of a few nm was observed in the barrier region. The layer had a cubic lattice with a≃0.39×0.40 nm2 and its cationic composition was Ba:La:(Y+Yb):Cu=38:10:20:32. It implies that the barrier consists of a thin layer of a cubic perovskite (Ba,La)(Y,Yb,Cu)O3. The existence of La seems to stabilize the cubic perovskite and improve homogeneity of the barrier layer.

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IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 2 )