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We propose a Bayesian approach to image hallucination. Given a generic low resolution image, we hallucinate a high resolution image using a set of training images. Our work is inspired by recent progress on natural image statistics that the priors of image primitives can be well represented by examples. Specifically, primal sketch priors (e.g., edges, ridges and corners) are constructed and used to enhance the quality of the hallucinated high resolution image. Moreover, a contour smoothness constraint enforces consistency of primitives in the hallucinated image by a Markov-chain based inference algorithm. A reconstruction constraint is also applied to further improve the quality of the hallucinated image. Experiments demonstrate that our approach can hallucinate high quality super-resolution images.