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A perspective on distortions

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3 Author(s)
Swaninathan, R. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA ; Grossberg, M.D. ; Nayar, S.K.

A framework for analyzing distortions in non-single viewpoint imaging systems is presented. Such systems possess loci of viewpoints called caustics. In general, perspective (or undistorted) views cannot be computed from images acquired with such systems without knowing scene structure. Views computed without scene structure will exhibit distortions, which we call caustic distortions. We first introduce a taxonomy of distortions based on the geometry of imaging systems. Then, we derive a metric to quantify caustic distortions. We present an algorithm to compute minimally distorted views using simple priors on scene structure. These priors are defined as parameterized primitives such as spheres, planes and cylinders with simple uncertainty models for the parameters. To validate our method, we conducted extensive experiments on rendered and real images. In all cases our method produces nearly undistorted views even though the acquired images were strongly distorted. We also provide an approximation of the above method that warps the entire captured image into a quasi single viewpoint representation that can be used by any "viewer" to compute near-perspective views in real-time.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 IEEE Computer Society Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

18-20 June 2003