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Recognizing expression variant faces from a single sample image per class

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1 Author(s)
Martinez, Aleix M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA

Although important contributions to face recognition have been reported, few focus on how to robustly recognize expression variant faces from as few as one single training sample per class. Since learning cannot generally be applied when only one sample per class is available, matching techniques (distance measures) are usually employed instead (e.g. correlations). However, distance measures generally attempt to match all features with equal importance (weighting), because not only is it difficult to know which features are more useful (for classification), but when or under which circumstances this happens. For example, when recognizing faces in the original image space (e.g. using the Euclidean distance-correlation), it is not known which pixels are more and which are less appropriate for use. We use the optical flow between the testing and sample images as a measure of how good each pixel is. Pixels that have a small flow will have high weights, pixels with a large flow will have small weights. Our experimental results show that the method proposed in this contribution outperforms the classical Euclidean distance (correlation) measure and the PCA (principal component analysis) approach.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 IEEE Computer Society Conference on  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

18-20 June 2003