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The idea of using acoustically induced Doppler spectra as a means of target detection and identification is introduced. An analytical solution for the calculation of the bistatic scattered Doppler spectrum from an acoustically excited, vibrating, metallic, circular cylinder is presented. First, the electromagnetic scattering solution of a slightly deformed circular cylinder is obtained using a perturbation method. Then, assuming the vibration frequency is much smaller than the frequency of the incident electromagnetic wave, a closed form expression for the time-frequency response of the bistatic scattered field is obtained which can be used directly for estimating the Doppler spectrum. The acoustic scattering solution for an incident acoustic plane wave upon a solid elastic cylinder is applied to give the displacement of the cylinder surface as a function of time. Results indicate that the scattered Doppler frequencies correspond to the mechanical vibration frequencies of the cylinder, and the sidelobe Doppler spectrum level is, to the first order, linearly proportional to the degree of deformation and is a function of bistatic angle. Moreover, the deformation in the cylinder, and thus the Doppler sidelobe level, only becomes sizeable near frequencies of normal modes of free vibration in the cylinder. Utilizing the information in the scattered Doppler spectrum could provide an effective means of buried object identification, where acoustic waves are used to excite the mechanical resonances of a buried object.