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Distributed queueing in scalable high performance routers

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4 Author(s)
Prashanth Pappu ; Comput. Sci. & Eng. Dept., Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA ; Jyoti Parwatikar ; J. Turner ; K. Wong

This paper presents and evaluates distributed queueing algorithms for regulating the flow of traffic through large, high performance routers. Distributed queueing has a similar objective to crossbar-scheduling mechanisms used in routers with relatively small port counts, and shares some common high level characteristics. However, the need to minimize communication overhead rules out the iterative methods that are typically used for crossbar scheduling, while the ability to sub-divide the available bandwidth among different ports provides a degree of freedom that is absent in the crossbar scheduling context, where inputs must be matched to outputs. Our algorithms are based on four ideas (1) backlog-proportional-allocation of output bandwidth, (2) urgency-proportional-allocation of input bandwidth, (3) dynamic reallocation of bandwidth and (4) deferred underflow. Our algorithms guarantee congestion-free operation of the switch fabric. Our performance results show that for uniform random traffic, even a very modest speedup is sufficient to reduce the loss of output link bandwidth due to sub-optimal rate allocation to negligible levels, and that even under extreme conditions, a speedup of two is sufficient to eliminate such bandwidth loss.

Published in:

INFOCOM 2003. Twenty-Second Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications. IEEE Societies  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

30 March-3 April 2003