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The radiation characteristics of a corrugation loaded dielectric coated conducting cylinder are investigated theoretically for the infinite periodic and finite structures. For the infinite periodic structure, the mode matching method is applied. The integral equation is derived for the finite structure by use of the Fourier transform and mode expansion. The influences of the corrugation width, corrugation depth, dielectric thickness, cylinder radius, and finite corrugation number on the radiation characteristics (leakage constant, phase constant, and radiation pattern) are investigated. The results of the finite periodic corrugations are compared with those of the infinite extent structure and good agreement is found. To reduce the high side lobe of the uniform periodic structure, nonuniform quasiperiodic corrugation arrays are considered. The surface wave radiated by the structure having end-fire radiation pattern is also investigated.