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The concept of scattering centers on a target is commonly used for radar signature modeling and data compression, as well as target recognition. In particular, two-dimensional (2-D) scattering centers are useful features in automatic target recognition, which uses a synthetic aperture radar system, because they are directly related to physical scattering mechanisms and also have small dimensionality. We propose a new technique for estimating 2-D scattering centers using radar data in the frequency-aspect domain. The technique first estimates one-dimensional scattering centers at several aspects, and the multiple elastic modules network optimization is exploited to find 2-D locations and amplitudes of the target's scattering centers. Experimental results illustrate that the proposed method is efficient not only for estimating 2-D scattering centers on the target but also in computation.