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Electromagnetic scattering from an arbitrarily shaped three-dimensional homogeneous chiral body

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3 Author(s)
Worasawate, D. ; Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci. Dept., Syracuse Univ., NY, USA ; Mautz, J.R. ; Arvas, E.

The method of moments technique for analyzing electromagnetic scattering from an arbitrarily shaped three-dimensional homogeneous chiral body is presented based on the combined field integral equations. The body is assumed to be illuminated by a plane wave. The surface equivalence principle is used to replace the body by equivalent electric and magnetic surface currents. These currents radiating in unbounded free space produce the correct scattered field outside. The negatives of these currents produce the correct total internal field, when radiating in an unbounded chiral medium. By enforcing the continuity of the tangential components of the total electric and magnetic fields on the surface of the body, a set of coupled integral equations is obtained for the equivalent surface currents. The surface of the body is modeled using triangular patches. The triangular rooftop vector expansion functions are used for both equivalent surface currents. The coefficients of these expansion functions are obtained using the method of moments. The mixed potential formulation for a chiral medium is developed and used to obtain explicit expressions for the electric and magnetic fields produced by surface currents. Numerical results for bistatic radar cross sections are presented for three chiral scatterers - a sphere, a finite circular cylinder, and a cube.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 5 )