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Modified Bowen ratio method in near-sea-surface air temperature estimation by using satellite data

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4 Author(s)
Chung-Chih Liu ; Air Force Inst. of Technol., Gang-Shan, Taiwan ; Gin-Rong Liu ; Wann-Jin Chen ; Hong-Yu Yang

The near-sea-surface air temperature can be derived through Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) microwave and Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS-5) infrared data by using a so-called modified Bowen ratio method (MBRM). A specified value (κ) that was defined to be a ratio between bulk coefficients ce and ch was viewed as a constant and was input into this retrieval model for the derivation of near-sea-surface air temperature. However, there is insufficient evidence to prove the hypothesis why the specified value can be viewed as a constant and used in this model. This study strives in providing an answer. By using the iterative technique, the fact that the optimal κ value oscillated merely within a small range for present experimental area covering the area from 10°N to 30°N and 105°E to 135°E is shown clearly. The small oscillation does not strongly affect the value of the derived near-sea-surface air temperature. Therefore, the optimal κ value could be considered as a constant both temporally and spatially. Moreover, the results show that the rmse of the estimated near-sea-surface air temperature from SSM/I and GMS-5 data are 1.46 and 1.69 K, respectively. Therefore, the MBRM may be a good approach to estimate this parameter. However, the optimal κ proposed in this study may be suitable only to present experimental area. Generally speaking, this is due to the fact that the κ values are usually larger further to the north (in higher latitudes) than to the south (in lower latitudes) and also during the cold season than in the warm season.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 5 )