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On the induced electric field gradients in the human body for magnetic stimulation by gradient coils in MRI

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3 Author(s)
Feng Liu ; Sch. of Inf. Technol. & Electr. Eng., Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld., Australia ; Huawei Zhao ; Crozier, S.

Prior theoretical studies indicate that the negative spatial derivative of the electric field induced by magnetic stimulation may be one of the main factors contributing to depolarization of the nerve fiber. This paper studies this parameter for peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) induced by time-varying gradient fields during MRI scans. The numerical calculations are based on an efficient, quasi-static, finite-difference scheme and an anatomically realistic human, full-body model. Whole-body cylindrical and planar gradient sets in MRI systems and various input signals have been explored. The spatial distributions of the induced electric field and their gradients are calculated and attempts are made to correlate these areas with reported experimental stimulation data. The induced electrical field pattern is similar for both the planar coils and cylindrical coils. This study provides some insight into the spatial characteristics of the induced field gradients for PNS in MRI, which may be used to further evaluate the sites where magnetic stimulation is likely to occur and to optimize gradient coil design.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

July 2003

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