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Forwarding state scalability for multicast provisioning in IP networks

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2 Author(s)
Baoxian Zhang ; Ottawa Univ., Ont., Canada ; Mouftah, H.T.

Forwarding state scalability is one of the critical issues that delay the multicast deployment in IP networks. With traditional multicast routing protocols, a forwarding tree is built for each multicast session, and each router is required to maintain a forwarding entry for each multicast session whose distribution tree passes through the router. This poses the multicast forwarding state scalability issue when the number of concurrent multicast sessions is very large. We first present a survey of existing work addressing this scalability issue for providing scalable IP multicast. Then we extend an existing multicast routing protocol, Multicast Extension to OSPF (MOSPF), to scale well with respect to the number of concurrent multicast sessions by introducing tunnel support. This extension aims to reduce the protocol overhead associated with MOSPF. Simulation results show that the extension can significantly reduce multicast forwarding state and computational overhead at routers without affecting the per-destination shortest path characteristic of a resulting tree or introducing extra control overhead.

Published in:

Communications Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 6 )