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In this paper, an accurate and computationally efficient algorithm is proposed for estimating a time-varying and frequency-selective fading channel with unequally spaced pilot symbols. By employing the time-varying coefficient polynomial interpolation method, it is proved that the time-varying channel impulse response can be estimated by the product of a constant interpolation matrix and the fading information at pilot symbol positions. Furthermore, a least square off-line training algorithm is presented to optimally calculate the constant matrix, taking into consideration the statistics of channel fading and noise. Simulation results indicate that the bit error rate performance of our new estimation algorithm is close to that of the perfect channel estimation.
Date of Conference: 6-10 April 2003