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Impact of double Rayleigh scattering noise in distributed higher order Raman pumping schemes

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2 Author(s)
Faralli, S. ; Scuola Superiore Sant''Anna, Studi Universitari e Perfezionamento, Pisa, Italy ; Di Pasquale, F.

We analyze the equivalent optical noise figure (NF) performances and double Rayleigh-scattering-induced noise characteristics of distributed Raman amplifiers based on higher order pumping schemes. We confirm that higher order counterpumping configurations improve the amplifier equivalent NF but also increase multipath interference noise, inducing system penalties at high ON-OFF Raman gain. A Q-factor analysis allows a quantitative evaluation of the real benefits provided by higher order pumping schemes.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 6 )