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Forward-link soft-handoff in CDMA with multiple-antenna selection and fast joint power control

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3 Author(s)
Jianming Wu ; Nortel Networks, Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; Affes, S. ; Mermelstein, P.

We consider forward-link soft-handoff with multiple antenna selection and fast joint power control at high data rates in a cellular code-division multiple-access network, where signals are directed to a mobile station (MS) from antennas located at the same or different base stations. The total power transmitted to any mobile is divided among the active antennas selected according to the momentary channel conditions so as to maximize the signal-interference ratio at each MS. Multiple-antenna selection is used to mitigate the effects of both short- and long-term fading, and achieve the best soft-handoff with respect to system capacity and complexity. To achieve capacity gains with soft-handoff, we derive optimum handoff thresholds corresponding to the optimum handoff region in different cell environments. Numerical results demonstrate that under high Doppler spread and large handoff-delay conditions, the proposed soft-handoff employing two transmit antennas and the optimum handoff threshold achieves a significant gain in microcell environments, but not in macrocell environments.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )