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Evolutionary multiobjective optimization for base station transmitter placement with frequency assignment

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4 Author(s)
Weicker, N. ; Inst. of Formal Methods in Comput. Sci., Univ. of Stuttgart, Germany ; Szabo, G. ; Weicker, K. ; Widmayer, P.

We propose a new solution to the problem of positioning base station transmitters of a mobile phone network and assigning frequencies to the transmitters, both in an optimal way. Since an exact solution cannot be expected to run in polynomial time for all interesting versions of this problem (they are all NP-hard), our algorithm follows a heuristic approach based on the evolutionary paradigm. For this evolution to be efficient, i.e., goal-oriented and sufficiently random at the same time, problem-specific knowledge is embedded in the operators. The problem requires both the minimization of the cost and of the channel interference. We examine and compare two standard multiobjective techniques and a new algorithm - the steady-state evolutionary algorithm with Pareto tournaments. One major finding of the empirical investigation is a strong influence of the choice of the multiobjective selection method on the utility of the problem-specific recombination leading to a significant difference in the solution quality.

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Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )