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Location estimation accuracy in wireless sensor networks

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2 Author(s)
Patwari, N. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Hero, A.O.

The peer-to-peer nature of a wireless sensor network presents the opportunity for accurate and low-configuration sensor location estimation. Range measurements are made between pairs of sensors, regardless of their a priori coordinate knowledge. This paper quantifies via the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) variance limits on location estimators which use measured time-of-arrival (TOA) or received signal strength (RSS). An extensive campaign measures TOA and RSS in a 44-device multipoint-to-multipoint indoor network for input into maximum-likelihood estimators (MLE) of location. RMS location errors of 1.2 and 2.2 m are demonstrated using TOA and RSS, respectively.

Published in:

Signals, Systems and Computers, 2002. Conference Record of the Thirty-Sixth Asilomar Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

3-6 Nov. 2002

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