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The increased availability and usage of multimedia information have created a critical need for efficient multimedia processing algorithms. These algorithms must offer capabilities related to browsing, indexing, and retrieval of relevant data. A crucial step in multimedia processing is that of reliable video segmentation into visually coherent video shots through scene change detection. Video segmentation enables subsequent processing operations on video shots, such as video indexing, semantic representation, or tracking of selected video information. Since video sequences generally contain both abrupt and gradual scene changes, video segmentation algorithms must be able to detect a large variety of changes. While existing algorithms perform relatively well for detecting abrupt transitions (video cuts), reliable detection of gradual changes is much more difficult. A novel one-pass, real-time approach to video scene change detection based on statistical sequential analysis and operating on a compressed multimedia bitstream is proposed. Our approach models video sequences as stochastic processes, with scene changes being reflected by changes in the characteristics (parameters) of the process. Statistical sequential analysis is used to provide an unified framework for the detection of both abrupt and gradual scene changes.
Date of Publication: March 2003