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Facial model estimation from stereo/mono image sequence

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4 Author(s)
Kuo, C.J. ; Delta Electron. Inc., Taoyuan, Taiwan ; Tsang-Gang Lin ; Ruey-Song Huang ; Odeh, S.F.

Facial model coding is an integral part in MPEG-4 related applications. The generation of the facial model usually requires stereoscopic view of the face in the pre-processing stage. Although facial model can be successfully estimated from two stereo facial images, the occlusion effect and imprecise location of the feature point prohibit obtaining an accurate facial model. In this paper, several facial model estimation (FME) algorithms are proposed in order to find the precise facial model from a stereo or mono image sequence. Since a sequence of images is used to find the facial model, the problem of occlusion effects is less serious. An accurate facial model (within 7.21% error) can still be obtained by our schemes, even without the prior information on the three-dimensional position of the head with respect to the camera and the rotation axis/angle of the head's movement. This is the largest error of all FME algorithms presented in this paper when the subject does not wear eyeglasses. In addition, our schemes do not require precise camera parameters and avoid tedious camera calibration, thereby, simplifying the facial model extraction.

Published in:

Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 1 )