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A neural network has been successfully implemented in an active-mode millimeter-wave (60 GHz) imaging system with a Yagi-Uda antenna array in order to recognize objects and reconstruct images that appear distorted under coherent millimeter-wave illumination. With 10 × 10 sampling points and five teaching trials, a recognition rate of 98% has been obtained for ten dissimilar alphabetical letters used as objects. The success rate of reconstruction of distorted millimeter-wave images was 80% when five dissimilar letters were used for the reconstruction. The recognition rate after changing the spatial resolution of the optical system and sampling interval of the image is also discussed.