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Yangtze River ADCP discharge measurement using multiple external sensor inputs

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8 Author(s)
Marsden, R. ; RD Instrum., San Diego, CA, USA ; Hening Huang ; Wei Jinchun ; Liu Shaohua
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During high flow season, the sediment load of the Yangtze River can reach 20 grams per liter. When the sediment load is high, acoustic absorption and scattering interfere with the bottom tracking of ADCPs used to measure discharge on the Yangtze River. In addition, the Changjiang Water Resources Commission (CWRC) uses 30 meter steel hulled vessels to perform discharge measurements on much of the Yangtze River. The steel hull of the vessel prevents using the ADCP's internal flux-gate compass as a heading reference. We performed tests to determine if accurate discharge measurements could be performed using an ADCP to measure water velocity, a depth sounder for water depth, DGPS to determine vessel speed over ground, and a gyrocompass to provide heading information. The tests were performed during normal flow conditions when the ADCP bottom tracking is reliable. Using four different ADCPs with the three other external devices, we measured discharge at the CWRC Three Gorges Huangling Temple Hydrology Station. Discharge computed using the external depth sounder, DGPS, and gyrocompass was found to be within 2% of the discharge computed using the ADCP alone. The results of those tests are presented in this paper.

Published in:

Current Measurement Technology, 2003. Proceedings of the IEEE/OES Seventh Working Conference on

Date of Conference:

13-15 March 2003