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Beam steering in planar-photonic crystals: from superprism to supercollimator

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3 Author(s)
Lijun Wu ; Sch. of Phys. & Astron., Univ. of St. Andrews, UK ; Mazilu, Michael ; Krauss, T.F.

We utilize the anomalous dispersion of planar-photonic crystals (PhCs) near the dielectric band edge to control the wavelength-dependent propagation of light. Light beams with up to 20° divergence were collimated over a 25-nm (1285 nm to 1310 nm) bandwidth using a triangular lattice. The "superprism" phenomenon is demonstrated in the same configuration, simply by tuning the wavelength. Sources of loss are discussed. Both the plane-wave expansion calculation and finite-difference time-domain simulation match well with the experimental results. This is the first experimental demonstration of self-collimating phenomena in a PhC configuration.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 2 )