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Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals is presented using an optical injection phase-lock loop (OIPLL). Millimeter-wave signal generation is demonstrated with wide locking range, 30-GHz low phase noise level, -93 dBc/Hz, and a wide frequency tuning range, 4-60 GHz generation demonstrated using optical injection locking only, verified by using OIPLL in the 26-40 GHz range. The OIPLL is also used to transmit error-free 140-Mb/s amplitude shift keying and 68-Mb/s differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) modulated millimeter-wave signals over up to 65 km of uncompensated standard singlemode fiber. The DPSK system uses reference frequency modulation, eliminating the need for optical amplification.