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Maximum power point tracking of coupled inductor interleaved boost converter supplied PV system

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3 Author(s)
M. Veerachary ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Ryukyus Univ., Okinawa, Japan ; T. Senjyu ; K. Uezato

A photovoltaic generator exhibits nonlinear voltage-current characteristics and its maximum power point varies with solar radiation. A two-cell interleaved boost converter with coupled inductors is used to match the photovoltaic system to the load and to operate the solar cell array at maximum power point. A maximum power point tracking algorithm is developed using only load voltage information, eliminating the array current detection. The present converter system has the advantages of low ripple content, both on the load and source side, improved efficiency and reduced switch stress, as compared to noncoupled two-cell interleaved converters. As a result, a lower value of array capacitance is sufficient for smoothing the array voltage and current. Analytical expressions for the photovoltaic source and interleaved boost converter, corresponding to maximum power point operation of the SCA, are derived. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate the suitability of this converter system. Few experimental observations are also presented for partial shading conditions. Further, a comparative study of coupled and noncoupled interleaved boost converters for photovoltaic applications is made. These studies reveal that, by introducing coupling among the parallel branch inductors, it is possible to improve steady-state performance while maintaining the dynamic performance of the photovoltaic system.

Published in:

IEE Proceedings - Electric Power Applications  (Volume:150 ,  Issue: 1 )