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This paper presents a techno-economic evaluation of combined UMTS and WLAN operator business case spanning years 2002-2011. The study is based on the work by the TONIC project under the European Union IST (Information Society Technologies) programme. The study provides a framework to compare all the main factors affecting the UMTS operator's business case and evaluation of the WLAN profitability impact as complementary access technology. The example cases differ in country demographics and rollout plans relating to competition and demand situation and regulatory requirements.