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We present a new direction finding scheme for slow targets embedded in sea clutter that combines subspace methods (MUSIC and Root-MUSIC) and time domain sea clutter and noise suppression. The ocean surface behaves as a distributed source in contrast to ships that are point sources. By mapping data to eigenspaces, the sea clutter level decreases due to its non-deterministic behavior while point targets' levels remain unchanged while enhancing estimation performance. Since subspace methods have a higher threshold and are degraded heavily by the correlated sea clutter, clutter and noise suppression is introduced to enhance algorithm performance. Both simulated and real ship targets are used to show the lower threshold and higher estimation performance of the proposed algorithm.
Date of Conference: 4-6 Aug. 2002