Skip to Main Content
Progressive image transmission is difficult in the presence of a noisy channel, mainly due to the propagation of errors during the decoding of a progressive bitstream. Excellent results for this problem are made possible through combined source-channel coding, a method that matches the channel code to the source operational rate distortion as well as channel conditions. This paper focuses on the key component of combined source-channel coding: rate allocation. We develop a parametric methodology for rate allocation in progressive source-channel coding. The key to this technique is an empirical model of decoded bit-error rate as a function of the channel code rate. We investigate several scenarios. In the case of the memoryless channel, we present closed-form expressions. For the fading channel and channels with feedback, where closed-form results are elusive, our analysis leads to low-complexity algorithms. The results presented are applicable to any progressive source code, and any family of channel codes.