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A support vector machine formulation to PCA analysis and its kernel version

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4 Author(s)
Suykens, J.A.K. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Katholieke Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium ; Van Gestel, T. ; Vandewalle, J. ; De Moor, B.

In this paper, we present a simple and straightforward primal-dual support vector machine formulation to the problem of principal component analysis (PCA) in dual variables. By considering a mapping to a high-dimensional feature space and application of the kernel trick (Mercer theorem), kernel PCA is obtained as introduced by Scholkopf et al. (2002). While least squares support vector machine classifiers have a natural link with the kernel Fisher discriminant analysis (minimizing the within class scatter around targets +1 and -1), for PCA analysis one can take the interpretation of a one-class modeling problem with zero target value around which one maximizes the variance. The score variables are interpreted as error variables within the problem formulation. In this way primal-dual constrained optimization problem interpretations to the linear and kernel PCA analysis are obtained in a similar style as for least square-support vector machine classifiers.

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Neural Networks, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 2 )