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We propose a decision-based, signal-adaptive median filtering algorithm for removal of impulse noise. Our algorithm achieves accurate noise detection and high SNR measures without smearing the fine details and edges in the image. The notion of homogeneity level is defined for pixel values based on their global and local statistical properties. The cooccurrence matrix technique is used to represent the correlations between a pixel and its neighbors, and to derive the upper and lower bound of the homogeneity level. Noise detection is performed at two stages: noise candidates are first selected using the homogeneity level, and then a refining process follows to eliminate false detections. The noise detection scheme does not use a quantitative decision measure, but uses qualitative structural information, and it is not subject to burdensome computations for optimization of the threshold values. Empirical results indicate that our scheme performs significantly better than other median filters, in terms of noise suppression and detail preservation.