Scheduled System Maintenance:
On May 6th, single article purchases and IEEE account management will be unavailable from 8:00 AM - 12:00 PM ET (12:00 - 16:00 UTC). We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Time-varying, frequency-domain modeling and analysis of phase-locked loops with sampling phase-frequency detectors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Vanassche, P. ; ESAT/MICAS, Katholieke Univ., Leuven, Belgium ; Gielen, G. ; Sansen, Willy

This paper presents a new, frequency-domain based method for modeling and analysis of phase-locked loop (PLL) small-signal behavior, including time-varying aspects. Focus is given to PLLs with sampling phase-frequency detectors (PFDs) which compute the phase error only once per period of the reference signal. Using the harmonic transfer matrix (HTM) formalism, the well known continuous-time, linear time-invariant (LTI) approximations are extended to take the impact of time-varying behavior arising from the sampling nature of the PFD, into account. Especially for PLLs with a fast feedback loop, this time-varying behavior has severe impact on, for example, loop stability and cannot be neglected. Contrary to LTI analysis, our method is able to predict and quantify these difficulties. The method is verified for a typical loop design.

Published in:

Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, 2003

Date of Conference: