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Systems and environments to support eLearning require detailed specification of learning needs, materials, activities and delivery methods and needs. The complexities of integration of the different ICT components according to these learning needs and sound pedagogical approaches, demand frameworks not too dissimilar to information systems design and development methodologies. These have been traditionally denominated Instructional Design (ID) methodologies. However, the term "Instructional" has strong connotations with the behaviourist school of thought and could indicate a focus on teaching centred approach rather then a less objectivist learner-centred view of education. This paper explores Educational Systems Design (ESD) as a thorough method of design of educational applications or environments and proposes and discusses the CSFs associated with such an approach.