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Amorphous silicon active pixel sensor readout circuit for digital imaging

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3 Author(s)
Karim, K.S. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Waterloo, Ont., Canada ; Nathan, A. ; Rowlands, J.A.

The most widely used architecture in large-area amorphous silicon (a-Si) flat panel imagers is a passive pixel sensor (PPS), which consists of a detector and a readout switch. While the PPS has the advantage of being compact and amenable toward high-resolution imaging, reading small PPS output signals requires external column charge amplifiers that produce additional noise and reduce the minimum readable sensor input signal. This work presents a current-mediated amorphous silicon active pixel readout circuit that performs on-pixel amplification of noise-vulnerable sensor input signals to minimize the effect of external readout noise sources associated with "off-chip" charge amplifiers. Results indicate excellent small-signal linearity along with a high, and programmable, charge gain. In addition, the active pixel circuit shows immunity to shift in threshold voltage that is characteristic of a-Si devices. Preliminary circuit noise results and analysis appear promising for its use in noise-sensitive, large-area, medical diagnostic imaging applications such as digital fluoroscopy.

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 1 )