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A Lyapunov function based on a set of quadratic functions is introduced in this paper. We call this Lyapunov function a composite quadratic function. Some important properties of this Lyapunov function are revealed. We show that this function is continuously differentiable and its level set is the convex hull of a set of ellipsoids. These results are used to study the set invariance properties of continuous-time linear systems with input and state constraints. We show that, for a system under a given saturated linear feedback, the convex hull of a set of invariant ellipsoids is also invariant. If each ellipsoid in a set can be made invariant with a bounded control of the saturating actuators, then their convex hull can also be made invariant by the same actuators. For a set of ellipsoids, each invariant under a separate saturated linear feedback, we also present a method for constructing a nonlinear continuous feedback law which makes their convex hull invariant.
Date of Publication: Mar 2003