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This article reviews state-of-the-art in transport adaptation techniques for mobile networks. It discusses the mechanisms for rate adaptation to combat quality degradations of speech caused by the radio links. It begins with a review of dynamic schemes for adaptation of speech encoders in cellular networks where we observe two distinct approaches to rate adaptation: network controlled and source controlled. The issues associated with adaptive voice over IP (VoIP) mechanisms are considered next. Here, the encoder detects some form of network congestion to judge how to behave itself for the good of the network. It is noted that this altruistic behavior will only benefit coordinated IP networks such as private intranets and its application to the public Internet is improbable.