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Microforming of three-dimensional microstructures from thin-film metallic glass

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3 Author(s)
Hee-Won Jeong ; Precision & Intelligence Lab., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Kanagawa, Japan ; Hata, S. ; Shimokohbe, A.

Thin-film metallic glasses (TFMGs) are characterized by an absence of size effect, high strength and high elastic limit due to their amorphous nature. As such, these materials are considered to be ideal candidates for microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Furthermore, the TFMGs soften and show viscous flow within a certain temperature range called the supercooled liquid region (SCLR), which allows the TFMGs to be easily formed into three-dimensional (3-D) microstructures. The viscous flow in the SCLR is also useful for annealing and relaxing inner residual stresses of TFMGs. In the present paper, TFMG microcantilevers are fabricated by surface micromachining techniques. In order to heat and form the cantilevers, a local laser heating and microforming system is introduced, and the conditions of laser power and heating time that can not only form the cantilevers but also can maintain the amorphous nature of the TFMG are examined. Finally, based on the results of these investigations, microcantilevers having a 90° bend and a 90° twist, respectively, are successfully fabricated.

Published in:

Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 1 )