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Four different types of capacitors have been tested to determine the maximum usable high voltage. Ceramic, drop-dipped film, molded-mylar tubulars, and polyester/foil capacitors of different values and different nominal voltages were tested in four modes: the single-shot mode, the repetitive mode, the lifetime dc voltage mode, and the group mode. Experiments have shown that the breakdown voltage for all types of the capacitors tested is ten to seventeen times higher than the nominal voltage. The energy stored in the capacitors for a short time under overstress conditions is from 100 to 250 times higher their normal energy. Data are given for the limitations for single capacitors, and for two, three, and four capacitors connected in parallel.
Date of Publication: Oct 2002