By Topic

40-Gb/s X-cut LiNbO3 optical modulator with two-step back-slot structure

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

10 Author(s)
J. Kondo ; NGK Insulators Ltd., Aichi, Japan ; A. Kondo ; K. Aoki ; M. Imaeda
more authors

We propose a newly designed X-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) optical modulator. It has a two-step back-slot structure to satisfy the velocity-matching condition without the buffer layer of silicon dioxide (SiO2). Accordingly, this modulator can achieve low drive voltage and low optical insertion loss. In addition, the dc-drift phenomena due to the buffer layer can be suppressed. This structure is fabricated with micromachining technology using excimer laser ablation. The optical 3-dB bandwidth of the fabricated modulator reaches 30 GHz, and the drive voltage is less than 3 V at 1 kHz. From the measurement of the optical eye diagram at 43.5-Gb/s, clear eye openings were obtained. This modulator is sufficient for 40-Gb/s optical transmission systems.

Published in:

Journal of Lightwave Technology  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 12 )