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Several new nonperiodic spatial codes for phase-reversal coplanar waveguides (CPWs) used in the framework of the quasi-phase match technique (QPM) for broadening the optical response of z-cut LiNbO3 electrooptic modulators (EOMs) are presented. The peculiarity of the codes is that they open the possibility for time-domain applications of EOMs based on nonperiodic QPM structures. They were obtained by using a specialized version of the genetic algorithm that generates an optimal length and number of the phase-reversal sections. The codes provide both flat amplitude and nearly linear phase frequency responses of the EOM within several frequency ranges important for fiber-optical/radio systems: from dc to 25, 40, and 90 GHz. The phase-reversal structures described here were optimized taking into account the CPW electrode losses and under the matching condition with 50 Ω-sources. They possess as low value of the drive voltage (Vπ, required for realization of 100% EO modulation efficiency) as possible for EOMs based on QPM, under the above conditions.
Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (Volume:8 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Nov/Dec 2002