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A new scattering mechanism enhancement scheme for polarimetric SAR images

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1 Author(s)
Muhtar Qong ; Dept. of Space & Earth Inf. Technol., Kyushu Tokai Univ., Kumamoto, Japan

A new scattering mechanism enhancement scheme has been developed for natural (distributed) targets based on the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of the covariance matrix in order to identify different scattering events. First, three new vectors (v1, v2, and v3) were constructed from the eigenvectors of the covariance matrix with some modifications. Then, those modified vectors were weighted by the eigenvalues of the covariance matrix as a weighting function. Thus, three vertices (A, B, and C) could be obtained in the three-dimensional space. In order to utilize them equally, a triangle (ΔABC) was constructed by connecting these three vertices. The shape of the triangle may be changed due to the different scattering mechanisms because the vertices are obtained from the combination of eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The result indicated that different scattering mechanisms can be represented by using an exterior angle derived from the interior angles of the triangle. Results obtained from the newly developed scattering enhancement scheme, when compared with the results derived from existing schemes, were in agreement in terms of the dominant scattering mechanisms, including surface scattering, double-bounce scattering, and volume scattering. The experimental results with the Spaceborne Imaging Radar version C (SIR-C) L-band full polarimetric data demonstrate the effectiveness of the new scattering enhancement scheme.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 12 )