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Clock-tone regeneration due to higher order PMD in NRZ systems

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5 Author(s)
Z. Pan ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Q. Yu ; Y. Xie ; Y. W. Song
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We show that the clock tone will be regenerated in the presence of higher order fiber-based polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in nonreturn-to-zero systems. Due to the frequency-dependent optical propagation induced by higher order PMD, the extracted clock-tone power of the received data correlates with higher order PMD and is independent of first-order PMD.

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IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )