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This paper addresses the application of an intelligent optimal control system (IOCS) to control an indirect field-oriented induction servo motor drive for tracking periodic commands via a wavelet neural network. With the field orientation mechanism, the dynamic behavior of an induction motor is rather similar to a linear system. However, the uncertainties, such as mechanical parametric variation, external load disturbance and unmodeled dynamics in practical applications, influence the designed control performance seriously. Therefore, an IOCS is proposed to confront these uncertainties existing in the control of the induction servo motor drive. The control laws for the IOCS are derived in the sense of the optimal control technique and Lyapunov stability theorem, so that system-tracking stability can be guaranteed in the closed-loop system. With the proposed IOCS, the controlled induction servo motor drive possesses the advantages of good tracking control performance and robustness to uncertainties under wide operating ranges. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is verified by both simulated and experimental results. Moreover, the advantages of the proposed control system are indicated in comparison with the sliding-mode control system.