By Topic

Modeling, calibration, and correction of nonlinear illumination-dependent fixed pattern noise in logarithmic CMOS image sensors

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Joseph, D. ; Dept. of Eng. Sci., Univ. of Oxford, UK ; Collins, S.

At present, most CMOS image sensors use an array of pixels with a linear response. However, pixels with a logarithmic response are also possible and are capable of imaging high dynamic range scenes without saturating. Unfortunately, logarithmic image sensors suffer from fixed pattern noise (FPN). Work reported in the literature generally assumes the FPN is independent of illumination. This paper develops a nonlinear model y=a+bln(c+x)+ε of a pixel for the digital response y to an illuminance x and shows that the FPN arises from a variation of the offset a, gain b, and bias c from pixel to pixel. Equations are derived to estimate these parameters by calibrating images of uniform stimuli, taken with varying illuminances. Experiments with a Fuga 15d image sensor, demonstrating parameter calibration and FPN correction, show that the nonlinear model outperforms previous models that assume either only offset or offset and gain variation.

Published in:

Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 5 )