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To model, to conceive or to simulate complex systems whose components are in strong interactions, the paradigm of multi-agents seems allowed henceforth. This short article presents a generic approach of the behavior modeling of a system of assistance to the detection of epidemics where the capacity of decision-making of the components (co-operating agents) can be exploited. The epidemiologists have a certain number of indices which enable them to differentiate, on the basis of accumulation of symptoms of people, the cases isolated from a disease or the consequence of a contagion (epidemic). The system conceived on the basis of the French organization of public health, makes it possible to simulate cases of diseases (local or scattered) and to regularly draw up reports of diagnoses of possible epidemics.