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The critical band coder--Digital encoding of speech signals based on the perceptual requirements of the auditory system

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1 Author(s)
Krasner, M. ; M.I.T. Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, Massachusetts

The development of a digital encoding system designed to exploit the limited detection ability of the auditory system is described. By dynamically shaping the encoding error spectrum as a function of the input speech signal, the error is masked by the speech. Psychoacoustic experiments and results from the literature provide a basis for determining the system parameters that ensure that the error is inaudible. The encoder is a multi-channel system, each channel approximately of critical bandwidth. The input signal is filtered into 17 frequency channels via the quadrature mirror filter technique. Each channel is then coded using block-companding adaptive PCM. For 4.1 kHz bandwidth speech, the differential threshold of the encoding degradation occurs at a bit rate of 34.4 kbps. At 16 kbps, the encoder produces toll quality speech output.

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '80.  (Volume:5 )

Date of Conference:

Apr 1980