Skip to Main Content
The development of a digital encoding system designed to exploit the limited detection ability of the auditory system is described. By dynamically shaping the encoding error spectrum as a function of the input speech signal, the error is masked by the speech. Psychoacoustic experiments and results from the literature provide a basis for determining the system parameters that ensure that the error is inaudible. The encoder is a multi-channel system, each channel approximately of critical bandwidth. The input signal is filtered into 17 frequency channels via the quadrature mirror filter technique. Each channel is then coded using block-companding adaptive PCM. For 4.1 kHz bandwidth speech, the differential threshold of the encoding degradation occurs at a bit rate of 34.4 kbps. At 16 kbps, the encoder produces toll quality speech output.