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In this paper a signal modeling technique based upon finite mixture autoregressive probabilistic functions of Markov chains is developed and applied to the problem of speech recognition, particularly speaker-independent recognition of isolated digits. Two types of mixture probability densities are investigated: finite mixtures of Gaussian autoregressive densities (GAM) and nearest-neighbor partitioned finite mixtures of Gaussian autoregressive densities (PGAM). In the former (GAM), the observation density in each Markov state is simply a (stochastically constrained) weighted sum of Gaussian autoregressive densities, while in the latter (PGAM) it involves nearest-neighbor decoding which, in effect, defines a set of partitions on the observation space. In this paper we discuss the signal modeling methodology and give experimental results on speaker independent recognition of isolated digits.
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, IEEE International Conference on ICASSP '86. (Volume:11 )
Date of Conference: Apr 1986