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A high-performance systolic array computer has been designed by CMU and is currently under construction. The first copy of the machine, to be built by CMU together with its industrial partners before the end of 1985, will incorporate a programmable systolic array of ten linearly connected cells. Each cell in the systolic array is capable of performing 10 million floating-point operations per second (10 MFLOPS), giving the total machine a peak performance of 100 MFLOPS, or higher if additional cells are used. This particular systolic array computer is named Warp, suggesting that it can perform computations at a very high speed. The 10-cell systolic array, with one cell implemented on one board, can process 1024-point complex FFTs at a rate of one FFT every 600 µs. Under program control, the same array can perform many other primitive computations in signal, image, and vision processing, including two-dimensional convolution, dynamic programming, and real or complex matrix multiplication, at a rate of 100 million floating-point operations per second. Users may view the systolic array as an array of conventional "array processors," which can efficiently implement not only systolic algorithms where communication between adjacent cells is intensive, but also non-systolic algorithms where each cell operates on its own data independently from the rest. This paper describes the hardware organization of the Warp machine.